The right of Russians to acquire dual citizenship is enshrined in the Constitution of the Russian Federation. In accordance with the Constitution, everyone can freely obtain the citizenship of another (foreign) state. Clause 2 states that having a passport of another state does not detract from the rights, but also does not exempt from the duties inherent to a citizen of Russia if the Federal Law does not provide for a different procedure. In addition to the main law, such issues are regulated by the Federal Law on Citizenship of the Russian Federation of 05/31/2002. Article 6 of this regulatory act states that the Russian side of a person who also has the citizenship of another state is considered exclusively “on a general basis” unless international treaties governing this issue are provided for.
Is there a difference between the concepts of dual and second citizenship?
However, in legal practice, it is considered that there is a difference. The term “dual citizenship” means that a person has passports of two states, between which relevant international agreements are signed. The Russian Federation has such international agreements only with a few CIS countries: Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Under these agreements, the holder of dual citizenship can choose, for example, in which of the two countries he will serve in the army. Children of “double citizens” also automatically receive documents from both states at birth. In other cases, it makes sense to talk about a second passport. People who additionally have citizenship of any other country with which Russia has not signed special treaties (and this is the majority of the states of the world) are considered by Russian law only as citizens of the Russian Federation. In this case, the second citizenship has no meaning and no legal force in Russia: being here you will not have any advantages.
Want to go to the army twice?
Lawyers call this situation a legal vacuum. For example, if you served in the army in the country of the second citizenship, then you will need to serve in the army of the Russian Federation. Therefore, it makes sense for men to get a second passport after they go beyond the draft age. You have received citizenship of another state, in the Russian Federation will not be in any way fixed. In general, the second citizenship allows its holder to receive many benefits. For example, the presence of a US passport or citizenship of a country belonging to the European Union, allows you to travel around the world almost without difficulty, that is, without the need for visas. Having the status of a subject of another state is sometimes much easier to emigrate to any third state. It is really worth striving for this status in order to have a “spare airfield” in case of social or other upheavals in the country of permanent residence.
Where is it prohibited to obtain second citizenship?
We answer – in all corners of the world. These include:
- developed countries – Germany, Denmark, Norway, Japan;
- developing countries are China, India, South Korea, Kazakhstan.
In the United States, only a formal waiver of former citizenship is required, but in reality, no one will be able to verify the fact of the presence or absence of a passport of another state. In some states, on the contrary, it is welcomed. In Australia, for example, this is a method of attracting human resources due to their lack of the latter on the territory of the country. In the Russian Federation, people who have a passport of another state cannot hold certain government posts (Federal Law “On Public Service of the Russian Federation” of 07.07.2004), that, according to many lawyers, is contrary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation. In general, the issues of obtaining citizenship and the legal status of an immigrant have many features and nuances in each individual country. Everything that is connected with them, of course, is regulated, exclude Under the domestic laws of the country, there is no uniform international legislation on citizenship and its obtaining, except for some acts of the European Union.
How can a Russian get another passport?
With regard to obtaining an additional passport confirming your rights in another state, the procedure is usually quite the same in many different countries. In most cases, naturalization is required. To do this, you must first obtain the right to temporary or permanent residence (residence permit, permanent residence).
To obtain citizenship, you must achieve a residence permit in the country
See, for example, about a residence permit in Germany or permanent residence in Belgium, as well as the general heading “ countries for immigration. ” After that, you need to live in the country for quite a long time – in some countries, it’s enough for 3 years, in others the period is extended to 12. The final stage actually getting a real passport, which equalizes you in all rights with the original inhabitants of the country. In addition to a long-term residence in the state, the following is usually required:
- Do not have claims from law enforcement.
- Know the basic law of the country, its language, and culture.
- Have good recommendations.
It should also be noted that in most cases it is not very important for an immigrant to get full citizenship – resident status, permanent resident with the right to permanent residence and work within the borders is not much different from him (if, of course, you want to emigrate not for a political career).